RACVIAC was established in 2000 as the Regional Arms Control Verification and Implementation Assistance Centre with an aim to provide arms control training, promote confidence and security building measures and broaden cooperation in South Eastern Europe (SEE).
With a view to enhancing the regional stability, the Centre later broadened its scope of activities to comprise a wide range of politico-military issues, including security sector reform and international and regional cooperation with a focus on Euro-Atlantic integration.
Developments and changes in the security environment and the changing needs of the SEE countries, necessitated a review of the RACVIAC mission, objectives and structure. This led to the beginning of the transformation process of the Centre in 2007, which was concluded by the signing of a new Agreement on RACVIAC in 2010.
With the Agreement, ratified in December 2011, the Centre obtained the status of a regionally owned international organization and was renamed the RACVIAC - Centre for Security Cooperation.
The mission of RACVIAC is to foster dialogue and cooperation on security matters in South Eastern Europe through a partnership between the countries of the region and their international partners.
RACVIAC accomplishes this mission primarily by promoting:
Mutual understanding and building of bridges by providing an independent and impartial platform for dialogue on critical issues related to peace and security;
Continuous Security dialogue and permanent adaptation of Security Sector Reform solutions;
Arms control treaties, agreements and Arms Control Policies aimed at confidence and security building;
European and Euro-Atlantic integration processes including confidence and security building measures;
Effective interaction and harmonization with international, regional and sub- regional organizations and institutions;
Enlargement of cooperation with the RCC and other regional initiatives as well as the academia and other relevant stakeholders;
Enhancement of dialogue with the civil; society, the academia and opinion leaders;
Implementation of the practice of corporate governance;
Cooperation within the SEE area to avoid new divisions and to narrow disparities between and within the countries and to achieve sustainable results.
RACVIAC prime objectives will be characterized by Reliability and Accountability, Openness and Transparency, Impartiality and Credibility, Responsibility and Trust, Adaptability and Integrity, Flexibility and Development, Professionalism and Predictability
RACVIAC's strategic objectives are:
To enhance the established overall cooperation and security in the region;
To capitalize on the progress and achievements made so far;
To endow the Centre with sufficient resources and capacities as well as flexibility and credibility to address all imaginable emerging challenges and security threats;
To promote Security Sector Reform solutions and encourage regional cooperation and harmonization;
To continue to foster trust and contemporary development as a veritable regional forum for cooperation and dialogue, especially on Arms Control Treaties and agreements;
To enhance regional European and Euro-Atlantic integration processes;
To promote the European Common Security and Defence Policy and its relation to NATO’s Strategic Concept;
To seek harmonisation and synergy with organizations, institutions and initiatives of SEE and expanding the RACVIAC cooperation network internationally;
To raise awareness about the Organization and its activities in and around the region and also increase outreach activities in order to achieve membership of all South-Eastern Europe Cooperation Program parties and to motivate others in the Euro-Atlantic area to participate in RACVIAC activities;
To institutionalize RACVIAC as a regional organization by taking samples of existing institutionalized organizations;
To enhance the development of national security strategies by encouraging regional security cooperation and effective interaction to sustainably counter emerging security challenges, e.g., cyber security and other forms of transnational threats including terrorism, proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, trafficking, organised crime, border security and management and climate change, while particular attention will be paid to all emerging security threats deriving therefrom.
RACVIAC focuses its activities on three overarching themes:
The Cooperative Security Environment, with the focus on Arms Control
Security Sector Reform
International and Regional Cooperation, with a special focus on Euro-Atlantic integration
The Cooperative Security Environment with a focus on Arms Control (CSE) Pillar is one of the RACVIAC domains with the longest tradition. Arms Control implementation obligations triggered the foundation of the Centre in 2000, and even after the transformation into the “Centre for Security Cooperation”, the obligations and demands of the many Arms Control regimes in place continue characterizing and dominating all activities of this Pillar. The identified spectrum of regional needs in the said domain ranges from pure training inspections and training of trainers for the implementation of legally and politically binding Arms Control treaties on one hand, to identifying possible contributions of the most relevant, well-functioning Arms Control regimes to regional stabilization in e.g. crisis situations, on the other. The CSE Pillar is continuously providing practical and theoretical knowledge to organizations, working groups, political and administrative structures in all areas of confidence and security building. The CSE Pillar focuses mainly on: arms control treaties and agreements, implications and the role of arms control policy aimed at confidence and security building, regional aspects of arms control in SEE and physical security and stockpile management.
An additional element to the CSE Pillar is the C-WMD Network which was formed at the request of the RACVIAC members states to which is intended to act as facilitator for the development or refinement of national strategies/plans and for enhancing cooperation in this field among SEE countries.
The Security Sector Reform (SSR) Pillar represents the Centre’s approach to addressing regional needs and the challenges deriving there from. The necessity of permanent adaptation of solutions in the security sector to new security challenges is the main characteristic of the scope of activities in this specific Programme domain. The main efforts of the SSR Pillar are focused on the implementation of SSR related activities through effective cooperation with RACVIAC partner organizations as well as with the member countries. The SSR Pillar is focused on promoting different aspects and principles of Security Sector in the fields of: defence resources management, democratic oversight and accountability, civil-military relations, human rights/gender perspectives and border security.
The International and Regional Cooperation with focus on Euro-Atlantic Integration (IRC) Pillar focuses its scope of activities from mainly regional security cooperation issues to broader politico-military issues of Euro-Atlantic integration. The IRC Pillar’s activities revolve around subjects dealing with the SEE countries’ efforts in their Euro-Atlantic and EU integration processes, as the main driving force behind their reforms and development. The Pillar’s main objective in these activities is to emphasize the need for ever-closer cooperation at regional and broader international levels. Regional cooperation represents an added value in countering transnational security threats in the SEE countries as well as an important complementary mechanism aimed at contributing to the advancement of the countries from the region towards the EU. Further regional cooperation in the area of defence and security is a necessity and the IRC Pillar provides the tools for promoting regional security cooperation and supporting European and Euro-Atlantic integration processes. Therefore, this Pillar deals with various security related topics: organized crime, terrorism/counter terrorism, EU CFSP/CSDP, migrations, search and rescue, cyber security, energy security, etc.
The Centre and its activities are financed from:
Member contributions (running costs and activities)
Associate Member contributions (primarily activities)
The RACVIAC budget is divided into an Operating and a Programme part. The Operating part, covering "running costs" of RACVIAC and a portion of activities, is financed by its Members, while Associate members contribute to the Programme part - the funds required to execute RACVIAC activities.
In addition, international partners, organizations and donor countries can make general financial contributions, supporting programme activities.
The annual budget required for the Centre to be fully operational is approximately 600,000.00 Euros.
RACVIAC co-operates with and supports a number of international and regional, governmental and non-governmental organisations and institutions, also working to enhance stability and security in the SEE. To name some of them - strong links have been established with the UN, NATO, EU, OSCE, SEESAC, DCAF, GCSP, OPCW, UNDP, RCC and with national authorities of the SEE countries.
RACVIAC will not compete with or duplicate the work of other security organisations but will seek for close cooperation. If extensive cooperation is required, the signing of an additional MoU will be proposed to MAG for approval.
RACVIAC is located at the "Vitez Damir Martić" barracks in Rakitje, 10 kilometres west of Zagreb. Its facilities include two newly renovated seminar rooms capable of holding up 50 participants each, including simultaneous translation equipment. RACVIAC also provides high standard accommodation for up to 30 participants in hotel "Rakitje", a gym, a restaurant and the Officers' Club "Barbara".